Vidya Bhawan was founded in 1931 by Dr. Mohan Sinha Mehta, a pioneer and visionary of international stature in the field of education. Dr. Mehta drew his inspiration for starting a truly non-conventional, learner-centered educational institution from the Boy Scout Movement founded by Lord Baden Powell. His long and close association with the Scout Movement in different parts of India and Britain convinced him that a dynamic teacher rooted in her culture and sound educational philosophies could lay the foundation of holistic development of a child's character and personality.

Right from its birth, the institution was a protest against the rigidity of a conventional school system.
Vidya Bhawan aimed at inculcating in its pupil the understanding and practice of responsible citizenship; and to bring about social transformation through education for an open-minded, just and equitable society.

In May 1930, Dr. Mehta had taken his Rovers for annual hike to Kashmir. The Rover Crew was divided into four patrols. On one rainy day at Gulmarg, the Education Patrol met and developed the idea of a new type of school-- its special methods and features. In the same year Dr. Mehta called Shri Kalu Lal Shrimali and Shri K.L. Bordia, fellow scout troopers, to put this idea to practice.

A public meeting was convened in December 1930 and a Governing Body was set up. On the morning of 16th January 1931, the foundation stone of the building of Vidya Bhawan School was laid by Sir Sukh Deo Prasad, the then Prime Minister of Mewar State.

At 7 O’clock, on the morning of Tuesday, 21st July 1931, Vidya Bhawan was ushered into the world!

What has been unique about Vidya Bhawan ?

Vidya Bhawan aimed at greater social mixing and co-education. More than eight ago, the school had such distinctive features which were later added to the educational system at the national level. Some of these features were as follows:

Co-education, Non-sectarian, Broad-minded and Global outlook

Vidya Bhawan began as a co-educational school at a time when discrimination against girls and caste distinctions were the norms of the day. The activities and outlook of the school and the people involved were highly egalitarian and forward looking.

Whole day school

Till 1990s, Vidya Bhawan a whole-day-school, that is, children stayed in the school from morning till dusk. They had their meals together to overcome the worst dividing factor between castes. In the changing scenario, the school timings were shortened in the evening although several activities like sports are conducted, which have resulted in achievements at the different levels.

Group system

Group was the family where general development of children was promoted. The group teacher developed an intimate relationship with each child, so they were able to share their thoughts and problems without inhibitions. Groups also organised different activities, such as parents' meetings, social functions, camps, hikes and tournaments.

Chhatra Mandal and Shala Panchayat

The children develop a large measure of self-reliance and some experience in self-government through the Chhatra Mandal (The Students' Parliament or General body) and the Shala Panchayat (Executive Body of Elected Student Representatives).

Technical Section

The school had a fully equipped and functional technical section where children learnt metal work, carpentry, knitting and tailoring etc.

Vanshala or Open Air Session

10 to 15 days outdoor camp was organized in a natural location. The children are divided into Shrenis, different subject groups, where students worked and learned together to understand the different aspects of the area and the community. An exhibiton of the work done and a peagent were organized on the final day.


A significant experiment is the Anniversary Project in which a theme was chosen and students opt Shrenis (subject groups) such as literature, social studies, science, art and crafts etc. For a fortnight, Shreni work was done round the theme. The Project culminated in a pageant enacted at the Anniversary Function and the work done during this period was presented in an exhibition.


Vast playgrounds were used separately for different sections of the school. The school developed a well equipped Gymnasium. Courts were made for indoor and outdoor games. Students and teams of Vidya Bhawan played at district, state and national levels.


Under the Shramdaan (labour service scheme) each pupil was required to put in a minimum amount of physical labour of some sort. This manual work was often a part of some constructive activity or social service. It helped develop a sense of pride and inculcate dignity of labour.


The school can boast of very well equipped laboratories of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geography.

Nursery School

The section of the smallest children was separated from the Junior School. It had its own staff and necessary equipment in order to provide a suitable atmosphere for the children of pre-school age. The school was designed entirely on the educational principles of Madam Maria Montessori.
The Alumni of Vidya Bhawan School have played significant role in almost every field including education, social service, scientific development, industry and commerce, governance and policy and planning, administration and foreign services, literature, music, fine arts etc. The nation and various institutions of repute have acknowledged their contributions.